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A total knee replacement (TKR) is a surgical procedure whereby the diseased knee joint is replaced with artificial material. During a total knee replacement, the end of the femur bone is removed and replaced with a metal shell and the end of the lower leg bone (tibia) is also removed and replaced with a plastic piece with a metal stem. Patients with damaged knee joint either due to Trauma, Osteoarthritis or any other cause should consider knee replacement to get rid of the pain and diminishing daily function in order to maintain the quality of life . In short it could be said that Total Knee Replacement Surgery is one of the best solutions for osteoarthritis.
There are no specific risks of the procedure besides the usual complications associated with anaesthesia and any other general surgery like shortness of breath, pulmonary embolism, nausea vomiting, shock etc. Besides there can be occassional bleeding in the knee joint and or injury to blood vessels and nerves etc. These days Total Knee Replacement in India is preferred by lot of overseas patient because of cost as well as shorter hospitalization and quick recovery. Patient is generally made to walk next day after the knee replacement surgery in India.
In India patient is made to walk next day after the knee replacement surgery. After the knee replacement surgery the physiotherapy regime starts in 48 hrs. The therapist will help the patient in walking and reinstating the movement of the knee. The knee will be in an immoboliser which will be removed after the doctor deems it fit to be done. Patients will start walking using a walker and crutches after the knee replacement surgery. Eventually, patients will learn to walk up and down stairs and grades. A number of home exercises are given to strengthen thigh and calf muscles.
In a newer approach with better results of knee replacement surgery a protocol has been established by the team at one of the best hospitals for knee replacement surgery in India, BMR Hospitals, Guntur India.